Institute for Integrated Transitions (IFIT)

The Institute for Integrated Transitions (IFIT) is a new international initiative. It is the first nongovernmental organisation dedicated to the practical integration of policymaking in the areas of democracy, development, rule of law and security in periods of political transition in fragile and conflict-affected states.

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Policy and Research Papers

Inclusive Transitions Framework | Institute for Integrated Transitions

Based on two years of research, interviews, and expert workshops, this publication outlines a new conceptual and operational framework aimed at improving outcomes in fragile and conflict-affected states transitioning out of conflict or repression by zeroing in on inclusiveness as a guiding principle.

Transitions are critical junctures in which these states have an important chance to break with cycles of conflict and repression. To help make the most of the opportunity, while managing the tensions and divisions that a transition inevitably brings to the fore, the publication offers practical ideas for leaders at all levels of society to strengthen social cohesion, equality, and a sense of common nationhood.
 Recognising the great differences across countries and transitional contexts, the publication is not a “how-to guide” but instead a framework to be drawn upon and applied differently in different times and places. It offers detailed analysis and practical advice on inclusive policy-making in 10 priority areas: Political Dialogue Processes; Nation-Building Programs; Institutional Design; Elections and Political Party Development; Transitional Justice; Rule of Law; Security; Education; Economic Growth; and Taxation and the Administration of Public Resources.

The full publication is available in English, while an overview of its findings is available in English, Spanish, French and Arabic.


Inclusive Social Contracts in Fragile States in Transition: Strengthening the Building Blocks of Success

There has been notable progress among policymakers in recent years to understand the unique challenges fragile states face and strategise how they might be overcome. There is, for example, a greater focus on issues such as inclusive politics, societal dynamics and local solutions. In-depth country assessments are now considered essential for developing a clear roadmap to reduce fragility. However, increases in understanding have not been matched by improvements in practice; weaknesses persist in how fragility is defined, flagged, assessed and addressed. Too often, the wrong issues are emphasised, possible trouble spots go unidentified, lessons gained from assessments are unused, and links between fragility and conflict cycles are underestimated.

This report explores ways of strengthening the building blocks of inclusive social contracts in fragile states during times of political and post-conflict transition. 

For full access to Inclusive Social Contracts in Fragile States in Transition: Strengthening the Building Blocks of Success, please follow the link. 


The Limits of Punishment: Transitional Justice and Violent Extremism

The Limits of Punishment is a research project led by the United Nations University’s Centre for Policy Research, in partnership with the Institute for Integrated Transitions, and supported by the UK Department for International Development. It seeks to understand if, when and how transitional justice, in combination with other conflict resolution tools, can contribute to transitions away from conflict in settings affected by major jihadist groups. Specifically, it aims to answer two questions:

  1. What are the effects of current approaches toward punishment and leniency for individuals accused of association with jihadist groups in fragile and conflict-affected states?
  2. What factors should policymakers consider in designing alternative and complementary strategies leveraging transitional justice tools to better contribute to sustainable transitions away from conflict?

For full access to the paper The Limits of Punishment: Transitional Justice and Violent Extremism, please kindly follow the link. 


Entrepreneurs as Peacebuilders in Fragile States

Although peacebuilders seek out creative ways to build social cohesion, reform institutions, and change political incentives in fragile contexts, they rarely consider local entrepreneurs as possible entry points for change. This is despite the fact that entrepreneurs can – and do – substantially contribute to all these goals as part of their day-to-day activities. 
This new IFIT publication examines the various ways such actors can contribute to peace and the conditions that need to be established for them to do so. It is premised on the idea that only inside-out change can bring sustainable peace to the most difficult contexts, and that entrepreneurs offer a uniquely scalable mechanism to drive such change from within.
The publication provides analysis, case studies and a set of practical recommendations on how to leverage entrepreneurs' potential, highlighting the important peacebuilding role such actors play.

To have access to the full publication, Entrepreneurs as Peacebuilders in Fragile States, kindly follow the link.


Repenser la paix et la justice

Les récentes négociations de paix visant à mettre fin aux conflits violents en Colombie, en République centrafricaine, en Ukraine, au Sud Soudan et en Afghanistan montrent que négociateurs et médiateurs peinent toujours à trouver l’équilibre adéquat entre le rétablissement de la paix et la nécessité de rendre justice aux victimes de violations graves. Ce rapport revient sur les approches flexibles de la justice, notamment dans le cadre des transitions négociées aux conflits armés, qui ont fait l’objet d’une reconnaissance accrue au niveau du droit international et des politiques au cours des dernières années.

Pour accéder à l'intégralité du document Repenser la paix et la justice, veuillez suivre le lien. 


Le rôle de la communication dans le cadre de la justice transitionnelle

Ce document plaide en faveur d’une place beaucoup plus centrale accordée à la communication et au récit au sein de la vision de la justice transitionnelle, comme à sa genèse sur le terrain. Dans certains cas, les circonstances sont favorables notamment lorsqu’un projet clair et inclusif pour l’édification d’une nation est en place. Par conséquent, il est crucial que les institutions de la justice transitionnelle abordent leur travail sur le projet de manière à permettre à une masse critique de citoyens d’intérioriser ce travail en tant qu’aspect organique d’un processus plus large visant à remodeler les valeurs et l’identité de la société.

Pour accéder à l'intégralité du document Le rôle de la communication dans le cadre de la justice transitionnelle, veuillez suivre le lien.