International Bar Asssociation's Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI)

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Policy and Research Papers

Reconstruire les Tribunaux et Rétablir la Confiance: une Evaluation des Besoins du Système Judiciaire en République Démocratique du Congo

Ce rapport, publié conjointement par ’International Bar Association’s Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) et l’International Legal Assistance Consortium (ILAC), fait suite à la visite en RDC plus tôt cette année d’une délégation de l’IBAHRI et de l’ILAC qui avait pour mission d’effectuer une évaluation de l’état actuel du système judiciaire du pays.

L’IBAHRI et l’ILAC ont constaté que les conflits continuels, les violations graves des droits de l’homme, la violence envers les femmes et les crimes internationaux ajoutent aux difficultés rencontrées par le système judiciaire, lequel peine déjà répondre aux besoins de la population. De plus, le rapport conclut que le système judiciaire de la RDC continue à souffrir de sous-investissement, de corruption et d’un manque considérable de ressources et d’infrastructure.

Le rapport complet peut être téléchargé iciReconstruire les tribunaux et rétablir la confiance: une évaluation des besoins du système judiciaire en République démocratique du Congo (RDC) .

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Rebuilding Courts and Trust: An Assessment of the Needs of the Justice System in the Democratic Republic of Congo

The International Bar Association’s Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) and the International Legal Assistance Consortium (ILAC) organised an international delegation of jurists to visit the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) in February 2009. The IBAHRI and ILAC mission was aimed at conducting a needs assessment of the Congolese judicial system in order to assess where expertise can be most constructively applied – both geographically and thematically – to assist the reconstruction of the justice system.

The aim of the report is not to present a full-scale analysis of the situation in the justice sector of the DRC. Instead, the report aims to assess the key areas where expertise and assistance can be most helpful to assist in reforming the Congolese justice system, based on what is planned and what is already being done regarding the DRC’s judiciary. The full conclusions and recommendations of the mission are set out in Chapter 7 of this report.

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Separating Law and Politics: Challenges to the Independence of Judges and Prosecutors in Egypt

In this report, the independence of the judiciary is examined with reference to Egypt’s laws and practice, as well as amendments to the existing law that have been proposed (Chapter Three). It finds that, although independence is constitutionally protected and the highest courts frequently rule against the government, the Ministry of Justice is given wide powers over judges which provide scope for abuse. These include the right to assign judges to courts around the country, the ability to decide which judges are seconded to work in government ministries and the right to initiate disciplinary actions against judges. These powers threaten independence as they allow the Minister to reward or punish serving judges, and therefore provide an incentive for judges to please the government.

The legal framework also gives a role to the executive branch in the appointments system, particularly at the higher judicial level, allowing scope for politicised decision-making. A lack of transparency and the absence of public examinations for appointments also leads to a perception – if not a reality – of nepotism.

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