International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA)

The International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA) is an intergovernmental organization that supports sustainable democracy worldwide. International IDEA’s mission is to support sustainable democratic change by providing comparative knowledge, and assisting in democratic reform, and influencing policies and politics.

Telephone: +46 8 698 3700
Fax: +46 8 20 24 22
International IDEA, Strömsborg
SE-103 34 Stockholm
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Policy and Research Papers

Traditional Justice and Reconciliation after Violent Conflict Learning from African Experiences

The report is intended to serve both as a general knowledge resource and as a practitioner’s guide for national bodies seeking to employ traditional justice mechanisms as well as external agencies aiming to support such processes. It suggests that in some circumstances traditional mechanisms can effectively complement conventional judicial systems and represent a real potential for promoting justice, reconciliation and a culture of democracy.
In addition, even in situations where communities are more inclined to demand straightforward retribution against the perpetrators, traditional justice mechanisms may
still offer a way both of restoring a sense of accountability and of linking justice to democratic development.


Electoral Justice System Assessment Guide

Free, fair and trusted elections provide legitimacy to governments and ensure the genuine expression of the will of the people. Electoral justice guarantees electoral processes are conducted with integrity and that mechanisms exist to restore electoral integrity when it has been violated.

Intentionally or unintentionally electoral norms may be violated by those who design, administer or participate in an electoral process. The manner in which these violations are addressed can determine the overall legitimacy of an electoral outcome and the level of trust in the electoral process. The realisation of electoral justice requires a set of institutions, practices, norms and mechanisms that culminate in fair and open processes—not simply on election day but throughout the electoral cycle.

This guide is designed to support users to assess the administration of electoral justice in their country. Inclusivity and accessibility are important elements of electoral justice. The questions in the Assessment Guide reflect key electoral justice principles, drawing on international standards and an analysis of diverse electoral justice practices from many countries around the world.

For full access to the Electoral Justice System Assessment Guide, kindly follow the link. 


Tracking progress on Sustainable Development Goal 16 with Global State of Democracy Indices

This Global State of Democracy in Focus  showcases progress on SDG 16 derived from the GSoD Indices, which now covers a total of 158 countries for the period 1975–2018.

For full access to the paper Tracking progress on Sustainable Development Goal 16 with Global State of Democracy Indices, please follow the link.


Independent Regulatory and Oversight Institutions

This Primer discusses independent regulatory and oversight institutions. These are public bodies, politically neutral and independent from the three main branches of government, whose purpose is to ensure the integrity—and improve the quality and resilience—of democratic governance.

For full access to the report Independent Regulatory and Oversight Institutions, please follow the link.