Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)

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Support for preparation and implementation of SSG/R assessment in BiH in cooperation with OSCE Mission in BiH

mandate in Bosnia and Herzegovina 07/06/2020 -

The OSCE mission in Bosnia I Herzegovina (BiH) proposes to conduct an external needs assessment of the security sector. The aim of the needs assessment would be to identify or assess potential entry points for the mission (and other interested partners) to engage in more holistic support to the national SSR process, identify potential gaps and emerging needs in the SSR processes where there is an opportunity to provide support, and promote more holistic and whole of mission approaches to SSR. The ultimate aim of the needs assessment would be to provide analysis of the key issues, address any data gaps that could be used to develop more evidence-based approaches to programming, as well as recommendations for programming and political engagement moving forward.

Given the need to apply a pragmatic approach, preference for focusing on depth over breadth to provide more relevant insights, as well as considering the limitations in resources available to conduct the assessment, the overall assessment will only focus on a select number of issue areas, namely 1.) integrated border management; 2.) anti-corruption, 3.) public security/community policing

Main objectives: 

- to assess, in co-operation with the OSCE Mission in BiH and the relevant authorities of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the capacities for national reform efforts aimed at strengthening the governance of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s security sector responding to people’s security needs, through focusing on effectiveness, efficiency and accountability of these state institutions.

-        Taking a comprehensive approach the assessment aims to identify needs and priorities to further national reform efforts in the security sector and to inform future support that can be provided by the OSCE, and as such complementing phase I of the assessment.


Programme Manager, Security Co-operation and Governance

Location: Podgorica, Montenegro
Application Deadline: 05/12/2019 12:00

Under the direct supervision of the Deputy Head of the Mission (DHoM), the Programme Manager, Security Co-operation and Governance (SCOG) discharges her/his responsibilities in leading and effectively implementing the work of the SCOG Programme. She/he supports the Head of Mission (HoM) as a focal point for the co-ordination of the Transnational Threats Department-related activities of the Mission. 

For more information about the vacancy Programme Manager, Security Co-operation and Governance, please follow the link. 


Policy and Research Papers

Report by the Secretary General on the OSCE Approach to Security Sector Governance and Reform (SSG/R)

In today’s world of complex and interdependent security challenges within and across borders, national security sectors need to adapt to fast-changing and unpredictable environments. Experience shows that an accountable, effective and inclusive security sector with full respect for human rights, including gender equality and the rule of law can effectively provide security to a State and its people, while at the same time promoting stability, trust and confidence in the OSCE area and beyond. This is of particular relevance when the threats being dealt with are neither unique to any State nor confined to a particular region. This is the case, for instance, with violent extremism that leads to terrorism, organized crime, the return of foreign fighters, and trafficking in human beings. Therefore, participating States need to be properly equipped and prepared, and must work together and share national experiences. Additionally, this will significantly contribute to preventing the outbreak and recurrence of conflicts, as well as to sustaining peace and supporting sustainable development.

A more coherent and co-ordinated approach to SSG/R support would mean taking full advantage of our available tools and expertise by placing greater emphasis on good governance, strengthening co-operation across all three dimensions of security, making more efficient use of limited available resources, and enabling increased co-ordination with other actors in this field. National ownership and leadership must be front and centre. The Organization would benefit from an increased recognition among participating States and Partners for Co-Operation that SSG/R is an integral part of the OSCE’s comprehensive approach to security, and, ideally, from their providing the executive structures with guiding principles on how to best support nationally led SSG/R processes.

To have access to the full report, Report by the Secretary General on the OSCE Approach to Security Sector Governance and Reform (SSG/R), kindly follow the link.


Security Sector Reform in Central Asia: Exploring the Policy - Practice Gap of Police Reforms and the Civil Society Factor in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan

This research paper is an abridged version of Olivier Korthals Altes' Master thesis, that analyses the policy - practice gap of democratic reforms of the police forces in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, and the role of civil society within it. This evidence-based assessment has been related to theoretical debates about Security Sector Reform, the current dominant concept within academic and international policy circles on security assistance that entails (re)building and professionalising security forces while creating democratic institutions and mechanisms to hold them controllable, transparent and accountable. In his research, he has suggested an approach to measure progress of democratic governance of the police forces through a number of qualitative indicators that include the creation of independent public oversight and monitoring bodies, battling corruption within law enforcement agencies, and transparency of official police reports and statistics. He has put the formulated policies by national governments and the OSCE annual reports on police-related activities next to his research findings gained from reports and interviews with local civil society representatives, to indicate the rather limited progress of police reforms in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. It also came forward that strengthening civil society alone will not be enough in a context where the Ministries of Internal Affairs, responsible for the police services and policing, are very resistant to any change, and public support for democratic reforms remains too narrow to make a difference.

To access to the full publication, Security Sector Reform in Central Asia: Exploring the Policy - Practice Gap of Police Reforms and the Civil Society Factor in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, kindly follow the link.


Report by the Secretary General on the OSCE Approach to Security Sector Governance and Reform (SSG/R)

The OSCE has a long track record in supporting States in strengthening the governance of their security sectors and undertaking reforms in line with the Organization’s commitments dating back twenty-five years to the 1994 Code of Conduct on Politico-Military Aspects of Security. Its work includes encouraging co-operation and the sharing of good practices between States, as well as supporting national efforts to reform security institutions and strengthen good governance.

Moreover, particularly through its field operations and institutions, the OSCE provides expertise on many important areas, including police and justice reform, border management and security, democratic oversight, and many more.

This report provides an overview of the efforts made to develop an OSCE approach to SSG/R. It also covers the progress achieved in SSG/R in the period 2014–2018 and focuses on support provided by OSCE executive structures to participating States.

To read the full report The OSCE Approach to Security Sector Governance and Reform (SSG/R), please follow the link provided.