Peacebuilding is an operation to rebuild the social foundation and structures for sustainable peace in a post-conflict society. The assistance that the international community extends to this end can only be temporary, indirect and/or rear-end supported. Local talents and organisations that would actively carry out the process are, therefore, indispensable; supporting these initiatives of local actors and organisations allows the local community to develop a sense of ownership in their peacebuilding process. This is the desirable form of assistance that the international community is expected to provide.
This ideal form of assistance is shared among the UN and aid organisations involved in peacebuilding. For example, the UN Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and other related UN organisations as well as the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) operating in that country all shared and understood the importance of the local ownership.
This article identifies challenges to local ownership in peacebuilding and Security Sector Reform (SSR) in Timor-Leste, with a focus on the SSR in Timor-Leste after the 2006 crisis. For full access to the article, Security Sector Reform (SSR) in Timor-Leste: the Challenges of Respecting Local Ownership, kindly follow the link.