The Independent Commission on Policing (ICP): Process and Challenges in Peacebuilding

On the Mindanao Island and Sulu Archipelago of the Philippines where a large number of Muslim populations reside, there has been an armed conflict for over 40 years. Muslim elements have been fighting for their independence from the Philippines. The Government of the Philippines (GPH) endeavored to engage in peace negotiations and in 1996 a peace agreement was made with the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF). Meanwhile, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) refused to join the peace process and continued its armed struggle for independence. Despite this, on 27 March 2014, MILF signed the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) with GPH, which accelerated the mood for peace in Mindanao. 

The ICP submitted a report and recommendations for the Peace Panel on 14 April 2014 after 6-months of activity. This article discusses the principles on which the ICP placed the importance when drafting the recommendations; power dynamics within the ICP which surfaced when forming consensus; and, foreseeable challenges which may emerge upon the implementation of the recommendations.

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