Policy and Research Papers

The Missing Piece in Security Sector Reform: Lessons from the Democratic Republic of Congo

In situations of deep crises of state legitimacy and entrenched hostility between citizen and state, like in the DRC, SSR initiatives risk reinforcing patterns of dysfunctional, weak, unrepresentative, or ineffective government by strengthening those forces without considering their relationship to society more broadly. Over time, such SSR approaches can all too easily undermine the very security they were intended to provide. 

This brief reviews the diverse and distinct efforts which have been undertaken in the domain of SSR and draws three key lessons and recommendations. While the DRC is a complex case, the insights it produces can be of use both in the DRC itself, particularly as the government continues to grapple with this challenge, and in other fragile states faced with the challenge of SSR as a pathway to improved civilian protection and strengthened state legitimacy.

For full access to the briefing note The Missing Piece in Security Sector Reform:  Lessons from the Democratic Republic of Congo, kindly follow the link. 

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Engaging Civil Society in Legislative Drafting: Current Practice and Opportunities for Afghanistan

This research memorandum was commissioned following the enactment of legislation in Afghanistan in 2018 imposing obligations on the government to release draft legislative documents to the public. It examines the current situation in Afghanistan in relation to public consultation on draft legislation. It identifies potential mechanisms and guidelines to support development of a quality public consultation procedure in Afghanistan through analysis of the national context, and comparative examination of public consultation processes by international organizations, and in other jurisdictions.

For full access to the report Engaging Civil Society in Legislative Drafting: Current Practice and Opportunities for Afghanistan, kindly follow the link. 

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Frontlines: Young people at the forefront of preventing and responding to violent extremism

The report puts forward and synthesizes data from field case studies/focus group discussions, a mapping of youth-led actions in the five regions, a global literature review, and a global survey on Youth and countering and preventing violent extremism for practitioners, to better understand young people’s aspirations and perceptions and improve programming. It will inform inter-agency collaboration on Youth & the Prevention of Violent Extremism, paving the way for a new generation of ambitious and powerful youth-inclusive initiatives.

For full access to the report Frontlines: Young people at the forefront of preventing and responding to violent extremism, kindly follow the link. 

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Les défis de la destruction des armes à feu

Le détournement d’armes à feu vers des acteurs non autorisés (criminels, terroristes ou groupes rebelles) peut avoir lieu à chaque étape du cycle de vie d’une arme depuis sa production, son transfert vers un client jusqu’à sa destruction ou neutralisation. Or, cette dernière phase de destruction des armes à feu fait généralement l’objet de moins d’attention que celle des transferts, qui cristallisent les craintes liées au changement de propriété, de territoire, et donc de juridiction. Elle n’en constitue pas moins une étape cruciale pour réduire le risque de voir des armes tomber entre de mauvaises mains.

Pour accéder à l'article Les défis de la destruction des armes à feu, veuillez suivre le lien. 

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Ansaroul Islam: The Rise and Decline of a Militant Islamist Group in the Sahel

Ansaroul Islam has played an outsized role in the destabilization of northern Burkina Faso. From 2016 to 2018, just over half of militant Islamist violent events in Burkina Faso were attributed to Ansaroul Islam. The violence perpetrated by Ansaroul Islam has forced more than 100,000 to flee their homes and 352 schools to close in Soum alone. Yet by mid-2019, Ansaroul Islam was associated with only 16 violent events and 7 fatalities. This dramatic decline in the group’s activities warrants closer attention. It is particularly important to understand how this militant Islamist group first emerged and what factors have contributed to its diminished role in the first half of 2019.

To access the full note Ansaroul Islam: The Rise and Decline of a Militant Islamist Group in the Sahel, kindly follow the link. 

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