Five years after the Secretary-General's report on security sector reform (A/62/659-S/2008/39), where he advocated a more comprehensive approach to this important subject, SSR has become a core element in multidimensional peacekeeping.
It is also increasingly recognized as an integral part of conflict prevention, socioeconomic development and peacebuilding more broadly. Among member states, support for our work in security sector reform has grown steadily, not least due to our demonstrated commitment to provide a transparent forum for member states to discuss their experiences and develop and agree common approaches to security sector reform.
The United Nations is pleased to present the first volume of United Nations SSR Integrated Technical Guidance Notes (SSR ITGN). Produced through the systemwide effort undertaken in the framework of the inter-agency SSR Task Force, the ITGNs provide a body of guidance to United Nations personnel in the field and at Headquarters. The ITGNs also represent a potentially valuable source of information for national actors, and a platform from which we can launch joint initiatives with our partners, including Member States, multilateral and regional organizations and partners in the private and public sector. The ITGNs are an important part of the Organization’s efforts to provide a holistic and coherent United Nations approach to SSR.
As with all guidance documents, the ITGNs need to be tailored to the specific context of our work; they will also need to be updated regularly to reflect the evolving needs and lessons of our work and that of member states. It is envisaged hat all colleagues and partners working in this vital area will find the ITGN a useful tool, and will provide feedback and comments so that our knowledge in this evolving field can be expanded continuously.
Table of Contents.
Introduction to the United Nations Approach to Security Sector Reform
- The United Nations’ conceptual framework for SSR
- The United Nations’ role in SSR
- Overview of the ITGNs
National Ownership of Security Sector Reform
- Conceptual Framework and Guiding Principles for Supporting National Ownership
- Guidance on the Main Components of National Ownership
- Addressing Operational Challenges
Gender-Responsive Security Sector Reform
- Gender-responsive SSR
- Challenges and Opportunities
Peace Processes and Security Sector Reform
- Understanding the Necessity of Addressing SSR in Peace Processes
- Understanding the Need for All Actors to Synchronize Mediation Requirements with SSR Implementation
- Addressing SSR in the Peace Process
- Preparing the Case for SSR – Mapping the Context
- Strategies for Addressing SSR in Peace Processes
- Technical Approaches to Integrating SSR into Peace Agreements
Democratic Governance of the Security Sector
- Differing Rationales in Different Contexts
- Principle and Foundations of Security Sector Governance
- Support to the Democratic Governance of the Security Sector
- Approaches for United Nations Support
United Nations Support to National Security Policy and Strategy-Making Processes
- Overview: National Security Policies and Strategies
- Guidance Framework
- Support Strategies and Roles
- Challenges and Opportunities
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