World Bank Group Strategy for Fragility, Conflict and Violence 2020–2025

Fragility, conflict, and violence (FCV) has become the new development frontier. By 2030, at least half of the world’s poor people will be living in fragile and conflict-affected settings.1 The impact of FCV is particularly profound on the most vulnerable people and communities, whose livelihoods and economic opportunities are threatened. The global fragility landscape has worsened significantly, with more violent conflicts than at any time in the past 30 years; the largest forced displacement crisis since World War II; high levels of interpersonal and gang violence; and conflicts driving 80 percent of all humanitarian needs.

Today, conflict and violence impact more civilians than at any point over the last two decades. FCV situations have a clear impact on poverty and, strikingly, the extreme poverty rate is rising only in fragile countries.2 In many contexts, this is due to large-scale violence, a collapse in basic services delivery, and the weakening of core state functions—dynamics that characterize most FCV situations and represent both a humanitarian and development challenge that calls for comprehensive and coordinated international responses. It will prove impossible to achieve the World Bank Group’s twin goals of ending extreme poverty and boosting shared prosperity unless fragility, conflict, and violence are tackled.

For these reasons, addressing FCV has become the core business of the World Bank Group (WBG).

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