UNODC is a global leader in the fight against illicit drugs and international crime. Established in 1997 through a merger between the United Nations Drug Control Programme and the Centre for International Crime Prevention, UNODC operates in all regions of the world through an extensive network of field offices. UNODC relies on voluntary contributions, mainly from Governments, for 90 per cent of its budget.
ICMPD's working philosophy is based upon the conviction that the complexities of migration challenges can only be met by working in partnership with governments, research institutes, international organisations, intergovernmental institutions and civil society. The work of ICMPD is based on a three-pillar approach:
Through these three pillars, ICMPD is able to support its Member States and partners in a variety of areas related to migration. Each research and capacity building activity generally focuses on one of the six thematic areas listed below, whereas each migration dialogue deals with several of them. Moreover, the capacity building activities form the basis of ICMPD's Competence Centres, each of which is named according to one of the thematic areas:
- irregular migration & return
- trafficking in human beings
- border management & visa
- migration & development
- legal migration & integration.