Central African Republic

Central African Republic

Policy and Research Papers

Gouvernance, Rébellions Armées et Déficit Sécuritaire en RCA - Comprendre les Crises centrafricaines (2003-2013)

L’histoire de la République centrafricaine se confond avec celle des régimes militaires qui ont imprimé leur marque dans ce pays au cœur de l’Afrique. En décembre 2012, la rébellion Séléka a occupé la moitié nord du pays, mettant en déroute l’armée régulière. Le succès de cette offensive nous pousse à nous interroger sur les causes de l’instabilité sociopolitique dans ce pays et à dégager quelques perspectives au regard de l’Accord de Libreville du 11 janvier 2013.


Building Peace-Seeking Justice. A Population-based survey on attitudes about accountability and social reconstruction in the CAR - Human Rights Cen...

Decades of political instability, state fragility, mismanagement, and a series of armed conflicts have led the Central African Republic (CAR) to a state of widespread violence and poverty. This study provides a better understanding of the scope and magnitude of violence in CAR and its consequences, as well as a snapshot of what the citizens of CAR believe is the best way to restore peace. It also examines the issue of justice and accountability for the serious crimes that were committed.

This report provides the findings from a survey of 1,879 adults, residents of CAR, randomly selected in the capital city of Bangui, and the prefectures of Lobaye, Ombella M’Poko, Ouham, and Ouham Pende. These prefectures encompass a large geographic area representing 52 percent of the total population of CAR and have experienced varying levels of exposure to the conflicts. Locally trained teams conducted the interviews between November and December 2009.

This report provides a detailed analysis of results on a wide range of topics related to the population’s priorities and needs, exposure to violence, security, community cohesion and engagement, access to information, conflict resolution, reintegration of former combatants, transitional justice, and reparations for victims. Interviewers used an open-ended format and respondents could provide more than one answer to most questions.


Rapport de l'OCDE sur la République Centrafricaine

Le présent rapport fait partie de l‘Enquête de Suivi des Principes d‘Engagement dans les États fragiles, présidée par M. Olivier KAMITATU ETSU, ministre du Plan de la République démocratique du Congo et soutenue par le Réseau international sur les situations de conflit et de fragilité (INCAF) du Comité d‘Aide au Développement de l‘Organisation de Coopération et de Développement économiques (OCDE). Ce réseau a pour mission d‘améliorer l‘efficacité de l‘engagement international dans les pays fragiles (www.oecd.org/incaf).


Willing and Able? Challenges to Security Sector Reform in Weak Post-war States – Insights from the Central African Republic

Security sector reform (SSR) is an integral part of the international community’s efforts to build peace and enhance security in weak post-war states. It has, however, proven difficult to undertake SSR in such contexts. A number of factors constitute a challenge to create security forces that are able to provide security to the population.

Based on previous research, this report highlights some of the challenges to SSR in weak post-war states. Through an analysis of the SSR process in the Central African Republic, this study shows that informal power structures, a volatile security situation and failure to understand how SSR is influenced by other political processes, negatively impact on the prospect for successful  implementation of reforms. Furthermore, this study demonstrates that weak capacity and lack of political will on behalf of the national government, is a challenge to local ownership and sustainable reforms. Despite a holistic approach to reforms aiming to improve both the capacity of the security forces and to increase democratic control of the security institutions, insufficient international engagement, scarce resources, lack of strategic direction and inadequate donor coordination have limited the prospect for implementation of reforms.


Other Documents

UNDPKO SSR Newsletter No. 13, January-March 2012

The SSR Newsletter, published on a quarterly basis, is aimed at providing an update on recent activities of the SSR Unit and an overview of upcoming initiatives, in addition to sharing relevant information and announcements with the greater SSR community.

Other Document