Presentation for EU working committees on SSR/Train&Equip

Netherlands mandate in EU 20.06.2016. - 20.06.2016.

On June 20th a meeting will take place under the NL EU presidency that will bring together the two committees of EU member states representatives that deal with development policy (“CODEV”) and with civilian aspects of crisis management (“CivCom”), as well as representatives from the European Commission and the European External Action Service. In total some 70 participants are expected.

The occasion for the meeting is the fact that this Summer the EU will produce two policy documents: one on SSR and one on Capacity Building in support of Security and Development (CBSD – or Train&Equip). The document on SSR has gone through a relatively extensive consultation process with useful discussions on the concept as such and its application by EU instruments. The discussions on CBSD/Train&Equip, however, have been mostly top-down and focused on legal and budgetary issues. For the Netherlands that is cause for concern because train & equip as an approach of course has its risks and pitfalls.


EAPTC Annual Meeting

EU, UN mandate in EUROPE 03.05.2016. - 04.05.2016.

The Centre of Excellence for Stability Police Units (CoESPU) will host the fourth annual meeting of the  European Association for Peace Operations Training  Centres (EAPTC) from 3-4 May in Vicenza, Italy. The meeting will bring together EAPTC members and partners in a bid to discuss latest trends and developments in peace operations trainings and share information on ongoing activities.

DCAF-ISSAT has been a founding member of the European Association for Peace Operations Training Centres (EAPTC). Since, it has been a regular contributor to the EAPTC Annual Meetings. In 2014 DCAF-ISSAT organised the EAPTC Annual Meeting in Stans, Switzerland.  The 2016 meeting will provide the opportunity to interact with like-minded institutions, explore potential partnership and showcase DCAF-ISSAT products and services. 


EUPST training on SSR and Police Reform

UK mandate in EU 13.03.2016. - 18.03.2016.

The course includes several modules covering topics such as the concept and policy framework of SSR, strengthening governance and accountability within the police services, analyzing and designing police support programmes, dilemmas and challenges when supporting police reform. Interactive co-learning methodologies and concrete case studies that encourage participants to share their own experiences will be used throughout the course.

The United Kingdom’s Stabilisation Unit has requested the support of ISSAT to design and deliver a training on SSR and Police Reform. This course is part of the UK’s contribution to the European Union Police Services Training group (EUPST). The training will take place in Sofia, Bulgaria from 12-18 March 2016. All preparations will be handled by the UK, in collaboration with local partners on the ground. ISSAT will contribute to the design and delivery of the course.
The five-day training will bring together approximately 45 participants from various EUPST member countries/ organisations. Participants will be middle to senior level police officers who are deployed in or have firm intentions to deploy to international policing missions with the European Union, the United Nations or other multilateral, regional or international organisations.


Advisory support to the Zimbabwe Peace and Security Programme

EU, Switzerland mandate in Zimbabwe 04.01.2016. - 31.12.2016.

Notwithstanding the contested political environment, the Zimbabwe Peace and Security Programme (ZPSP) successfully developed the pillars of an inclusive, politically resilient and locally owned security sector transformation process over five years. Despite the closed environment for debate around SST/R, the ZPSP were able to carve out the necessary political space where state and non-state actors can discuss issues around security sector transformation. This was achieved through ZPSP engaging in dialogue a wide variety of SSR stakeholders, in order to build their knowledge and information on SSR, demystify the notion of SSR as regime change (as has been patent in the internal political discourse), and to promote consensus on the way forward in terms of security reforms’ thinking in the country. This was achieved through ensuring a Zimbabwean owned and transparent process, and by utilising mediation as a methodology to ensure buy-in by all stakeholders.

The aim of ZPSP was to contribute, through impartial and professional technical assistance, to the effective and sustainable modernisation and transformation of the security and justice sector in Zimbabwe, in order to enhance democratic governance, peace and security and the national sovereignty of the people of Zimbabwe.  In order to accomplish its mission in a difficult political environment, the ZPSP engaged in a very innovative process. As a result and at the request of the EU and the Government of Switzerland, ISSAT undertook a review to document the trajectory of the ZPSP with a view to identifying lessons and mapping potential good practice, which is still greatly absent from the growing academic and policy production on SSR experiences in Africa. The results of that review can be seen in

Following on from this, the ZPSP entered the third phase of its programme, which included the development of a three year national security sector transformation plan with a host of stakeholder from the state sector, academia, civil society (including the strong participation of women’s group who have developed a gendered SST strategy), traditional leaders and parliament. It also included continued SST capacity building across these sectors and in particular with the parliament, civil society, national and non-state actors. It did so in a context of limited financial support, with uncertain prospects for future funding, which required an adaptation of ZPSP institutional structures and the design of new funding modalities (project funding).  

ISSAT’s support was requested to both advise and enhance the capacity of the ZPSP in the planning, designing and implementing of the third phase of programming, which included the provision of support in developing a plan for phasing out the programme and transforming it into a state-managed unit. ISSAT’s generalist support was particularly required in the 1st quarter of 2016, period during which ZPSP concluded its second phase of programming and plan for the third phase, while adapting its institutional structure and seeking funding to implement its activities. In subsequent quarters, specialist support (Policing, Parliamentary training etc) was required.


Project Identification for an EU programme to support the reform of the Justice Sector in Guinea Bissau

EU mandate in Guinea Bissau 04.01.2016. - 30.06.2016.

The EU Delegation in Guinea Bissau (GB) requests the support of ISSAT to undertake two interlinked mandates.

Mandate 1: Project identification for a new programme of support (September 2015)

Mandate 2: Project formulation (foreseen Q1 2016)

The detailed EU Delegation / ISSAT Terms of Reference for the second mandate will be completed after the first mandate in order to take into account the knowledge gained. As such, the information hereafter refers only to Mandate 1.

The first mandate will focus on determining options for EU support to the GB justice sector.

In order to ensure that the project identification is based on the experience gained by the EU Delegation’s previous support to the justice sector, the mission will firstly examine lessons identified through participatory workshops and interviews where possible with persons previously associated with the Programme d'Appui aux Organes de Souveraineté  et à l'Etat de Droit (PAOSED). 

In addition, the project identification will take into account the Programa de Reforma de Justice of the Ministry of Justice (MoJ), the formulation made in 2011 during the PAOSED mid-term evaluation[1] , as well as the preliminary analysis already carried out by the EU Delegation to identify broad areas of interest.

The identification of possible areas of engagement will also be based on the needs voiced/observed during the field mission.

Possible linkages and coordination with other programs and initiatives will be studied, in particular the 10th European Development Fund (EDF) Program to support the Rule of Law in the Portuguese-speaking African Countries (PALOP)  and Timor Leste, the Government of Brazil’s efforts in support to Justice and Security in Guinea Bissau (on-going assessment mission), and the UNDP programmes.

In line with the EU Action Document template, as well as discussions between ISSAT and the EU Delegation regarding the division of responsibilities, ISSAT will focus during the first mandate on the following:

  • Context
  • Risks and assumptions (these will remain at the overarching level at this stage and will need to be revisited during the second mandate)
  • Lessons learned, complementarity and cross-cutting issues (in particular in relation to the PAOSED programme)
  • Options for the future programme (and areas to be developed during the second mandate)

The methodology for project identification will consist of a document review, focus groups, individual interviews, and direct observation where possible. In order to ensure that views are gathered from a wider range of stakeholders, it is anticipated that the mission will also involve travel outside of Bissau. 

Team composition:

The lesson learning and project identification will be undertaken by a three-person team with the following composition:

  • Justice Expert (expert 1)
  • Senior Justice Expert (expert 2)
  • Context and Methodology Expert (expert 3)

[1] This was for the PROJUST programme, which was not implemented.