The restoration of lasting peace in Mali is essential for the long term stability of the Sahel region, and in a broader sense for both Africa and Europe. At the request of the Malian Government, and on the basis of UN resolutions, in particular UN Security Council Resolution 2085, the Member States of the European Union agreed to establish a mission to train the Malian Armed Forces, under the framework of the EU Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). The mandate for the EU-Training Mission in Mali was established in February 2013, extended for 24 months in May 2014, and it will be renewed and extended for another 24 months starting in May 2016. Currently 27 1 countries are participating in the mission. The mission is currently led by Brigadier General Werner Albl (Germany).
Mandate and Objectives
The European Union will support the Malian Government to restore security and stability in the country. The EU Training Mission’s mandate covers the following tasks:
- Support and advice to the Malian Armed Forces in the framework of their structural reform, - Enabling of the Malian Security Forces to grant the sovereignty, security and stability in their country by their own means. The two pillars of EUTM Mali which are derived from these tasks are:
- Advisory Task Force: Advice to the Malian Defence Ministry.
- Training Task Force: Training of the Malian Armed Forces. EUTM Mali is not an ‘executive mission’, that is to say, the deployed servicemen and women do not participate in combat activities and do not accompany the Malian units in their operations.
The aim of the mission is to support the rebuilding of the Malian armed forces and to meet their operational needs by:
- providing expertise and advice, in particular with regards to operational and organic command, logistic support, human resources, operational preparation and intelligence;
- training combat units at Koulikoro training camp.
The military training of the Malian units contains modules on the international humanitarian law and human rights, as well as on the protection of the civilian populations. The headquarters of the mission is located in Bamako and the training is carried out in Koulikoro (60 km north-east of Bamako). The mission's third mandate is for 24 months. Approximately 200 instructors are deployed in Koulikoro training camp, as well as supporting staff and force protection making a total of approximately 578 persons. The joint costs of the operation are €33.4 million for a mandate of 24 months.
Political control and strategic direction
Under the responsibility of the Council and of the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the Political and Security Committee (PSC) will exercise the political control and strategic direction of the European Union military mission. The PSC, at regular intervals, receives opinions and reports from the chairman of the EU Military Committee (EUMC) regarding the conduct of the military mission, and reports to the Council.
The EU Military Committee monitors the proper execution of the EU military mission conducted under the responsibility of the Mission Commander. The chairman of the Military Committee is the primary contact point for the Commander of the EU Mission knowing that the Mission Commander is responsible only towards the Nations.
The EU's comprehensive approach
The EU is implementing a comprehensive approach to the crisis in the Sahel region. In March 2011, the Council welcomed the presentation of an EU Strategy for Security and Development in the region. That strategy is based notably on the fact that development and security are closely linked and can be mutually reinforcing, but also on the fact that the solution to the complex crisis afflicting the Sahel demands a regional response. The EU has allocated over €1.569 billion to Mali, Mauritania and Niger under the 10th European Development Fund (2007-2013). In its strategy for the Sahel, the EU has not just mobilized additional financial resources for projects relating to development and security. In July2012, with a budget of €167 million, it also launched a civilian mission under the CSDP, named "EUCAP Sahel Niger", to contribute to combating crime and terrorism in Niger and the region. Liaison officers for that mission are currently posted in Nouakchott (Mauritania) and Bamako (Mali). The EU is the largest contributor to Mali's development. At the donors' conference in Brussels on 15 May 2013 for Mali, the international community made commitments worth €3.2 billion (including €523 million from the European Commission). The EU is determined to maintain its commitment to Mali, to help the Malian authorities consolidate peace and security and more generally to find lasting solutions to the crisis in the Sahel region, in close coordination with other regional and international stakeholders.