Policy and Research Papers
Pillars of Peace - Understanding the key attitudes and institutions that underpin peaceful societies
This research presents a new framework that provides a constructive means to engender a serious dialogue on peace. The Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) makes a distinction between negative and positive peace. It describes negative peace as “the absence of violence or the fear of violence” and positive peace as “the attitudes, institutions and structures, that when strengthened, lead to peaceful societies.”
The IEP produced the Global Peace Index and this new research provides the beginnings of the Positive Peace Index, “which ranks nations according to how well-developed their attitudes, institutions and structures are in terms of sustainable peace, creating resilience and developing human potential.” There is a serious effort to include positive peace in the post 2015 development agenda.
This is the twelfth edition of the Global Peace Index (GPI), which ranks 163 independent states and territories according to their level of peacefulness. Produced by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), the GPI is the world’s leading measure of global peacefulness. This report presents the most comprehensive data-driven analysis to-date on trends in peace, its economic value, and how to develop peaceful societies. The GPI covers 99.7 per cent of the world’s population, using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, and measures the state of peace using three thematic domains: the level of Societal Safety and Security; the extent of Ongoing Domestic and International Conflict; and the degree of Militarisation. In addition to presenting the findings from the 2018 GPI, this year’s report includes analysis of trends in Positive Peace: the attitudes, institutions, and structures that create and sustain peaceful societies. It looks at changes in indicators of Positive Peace that immediately precede deteriorations or improvements in peacefulness, which provides a framework for predictive analysis. The report also assesses the ways in which high levels of peace positively influence major macroeconomic indicators.
Please follow the link provided to access the full version of Global Peace Index (GPI).
The 2018 Positive Peace report outlines a new approach to societal development through the application of Positive Peace and systems thinking. Positive Peace is defined as the attitudes, institutions and structures that create and sustain peaceful societies.
To read the full report, kindly follow the link.