Ibrahim Bangura

Policy and Research Papers

Assessing the Impact of Orthodox Security Sector Reform in Sierra Leone

Sierra leone orthodox

This paper by the Centre for Security Governance (CSG) is part of a multi year CSG research project titled "Exploring the transition from first to second generation SSR in conflict-affected societies". The project assesses and evaluates the impact of orthodox Security Sector Reform (SSR) programming in conflict-affected countries. Employing a common methodology, the project features original research on four case study countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina, El Salvador, Sierra Leone and Timor-Leste. Funding for this project was provided by the Folke Bernadotte Academy.

This paper examines the SSR processes that took place from 1997 onwards in Sierra Leone. It notes the different phases of SSR in the country: the process had, initially, a narrow focus that prevented the integration of influential actors, and evolved later into an ad-hoc process until a more structured and effective approach was devised and implemented after the end of the conflict in 2002. The paper then examines the considerable challenges that have faced and keep facing the project and examines its general record. While a study of a conventional approach to SSR, early efforts to develop innovative initiatives are highlighted.

To access the CSG Paper No. 11 - Assessing the Impact of Orthodox Security Sector Reform in Sierra Leone, kindly follow the link.

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The Gradual Emergence of Second Generation Security Sector Reform in Sierra Leone

This paper is the product of a multi-year CSG research project, titled Exploring the Transition from First to Second Generation SSR in Conflict-Affected Societies . The project assesses and evaluates the impact of orthodox security sector reform programming in the conflict-affected countries of Bosnia-Herzegovina, El Salvador, Sierra Leone and Timor-Leste. Funding for this project was provided by the Folke Bernadotte Academy.

To access the full paper The Gradual Emergence of Second Generation Security Sector Reform in Sierra Leone, kindly click on the link.

Paper

Democratically Transformed or Business as Usual: The Sierra Leone Police and Democratic Policing in Sierra Leone

Democratic policing has emerged as a key strategy in security sector reform (SSR), especially in post-conflict settings. Sierra Leone’s post-conflict reconstruction agenda occasioned a SSR programme with an emphasis on the democratisation of the then-Sierra Leone Police Force. These reforms were aimed at transforming the once oppressive and corrupt, regime-focused institution, into a people centred and accountable force. Yet, after fifteen years of SSR, there has been little attempt to gauge the extent and nature of the impact of these reforms. In doing so, this paper draws heavily on the experiences of both state and non-state actors, while providing a reflection on what is required to further strengthen democratic policing in Sierra Leone.

For further reading the article Democratically Transformed or Business as Usual: The Sierra Leone Police and Democratic Policing in Sierra Leone, please kindly follow the link. 

Paper