America faces a 21st century challenged by military and political competition with the Soviet Union, terrorism in the Third World, and economic competition with Asia and Europe. Our weaknesses are due as much as anything to our lack of strategic vision. We lack effective systems for systematic, long-range planning and an ability to think about long-range agendas for large institutions. This book is a key building block to development of American strategic vision, long-range planning, innovation and thinking about the future. The effort to look at the Air Force experience, to consider a surprise-free future for dealing with the Soviet Union, and to outline the fundamental questions of an introductory model for long-range planning will be helpful to everyone who is concerned about America's defense establishment and about America's future.