Policy and Research Papers

Politics at the Heart of the Crisis in the Sahel

The governments of Burkina Faso, Mali, and Niger are ill-equipped to confront the worsening security crisis in the region. Their approach to these challenges has been insufficient at best and counterproductive at worst.   In contrast to its counterparts in Burkina Faso and Niger, Mali’s political class is doing the bare minimum to respond to the conflict. Though the government faces some domestic pressure to address insecurity, it may believe there is an unacceptable political cost to doing more.  The international community should work to reshape Mali’s domestic political calculus to promote a more robust response. It should continue its security partnerships, especially with Burkina Faso and Niger, to address capacity shortfalls and reduce incidents of human rights violations.

For full access to the paper Politics at the Heart  of the Crisis in the Sahel, kindly follow the link. 

Paper

Prévenir l'extrémisme violent

Depuis quelque temps, le concept de prévention de l’extrémisme violent est au cœur des discours des gouvernements, des organisations internationales et des acteurs non étatiques. Les sanglants attentats qui ont eu lieu ces dernières années un peu partout dans le monde soulignent en effet plus que jamais la nécessité d’apporter une réponse à ce phénomène, qui soit plus convaincante que les mesures principalement répressives et militaires mises en œuvre dans le cadre de la « guerre mondiale contre le terrorisme ». La prévention de l’extrémisme violent est-elle un véritable changement de paradigme dans la lutte contre le terrorisme ? Quels sont les aspects à prendre en compte si l’on veut faciliter la mise en œuvre de cette approche ? Quelles sont les conséquences sur les rôles assignés aux jeunes et aux femmes en particulier ? Enfin, quelles sont les mesures et activités déjà entreprises par les organisations suisses gouvernementales et non étatiques ?

Pour accéder à l'intégralité du rapport Prévenir l'extrémisme violent, veuillez suivre le lien.

Paper

UN Peace Operations and the Rule of Law 1989–2017

This report by Folke Bernadotte Academy (FBA) contains unique empirical data from 76 UN peace operations between 1989 and 2017. The data paint a picture of the kinds of rule of law assistance that have actually been provided, and allow discussion on how important shifts in peacekeeping and rule of law policy reflect in practice.

There is widespread recognition that the rule of law is an essential foundation for development and human rights, as well as a necessary condition for establishing and sustaining peace after conflicts. Rule of law promotion has accordingly become a key objective of UN peace operations and considerable resources are being invested in a range of rule of law-related topics and activities.

It is also recognized, including by the UN itself, that UN rule of law promotion faces difficult conceptual, institutional and resource-related challenges. There is currently discussion within the UN on how to address these. This thought process, as well as its articulation into workable policies and tools, requires a holistic understanding of what has already been done and why. It is expected that this report will be able to contribute to this.

To access the full report UN Peace Operations and the Rule of Law 1989–2017, kindly follow the link. 

Paper

Implementing Stockholm: The Status of Local Security Forces in al-Hodeidah

Implementing Stockholm: The Status of Local Security Forces in al-Hodeidah is part of a series published within the framework of Rebuilding Peace and Security, a project funded by the European Union’s Instrument Contributing to Stability and Peace and implemented by the Yemen Polling Center (YPC) between 2016 and 2019. The project builds on the premise that security in Yemen is both provided and undermined by the large number of diverse actors involved in the effort. Measures to address security concerns therefore cannot be standardized, but should instead be adapted to address local and regional challenges.

For full access to the report Implementing Stockholm: The Status of Local Security Forces in al-Hodeidah, please follow the link. 

Paper

Democratising Myanmar’s security sector: enduring legacies and a long road ahead

Drawing on extensive research and interviews, this new report identifies three areas where steps can be taken to democratise the security sector in Myanmar: giving more power to elected civilians as representatives of the people; transforming the security culture; and protecting and building civic space. The work ahead is best viewed as a multi-decade challenge, and sustained action from a wide range of organisations and individuals is needed to bring about generational change.

For full access to the report Democratising Myanmar’s security sector: enduring legacies and a long road ahead, please follow the link. 

Paper