Policy and Research Papers

PRÉVENIR LES CONFLITS TRANSFORMER LA JUSTICE OBTENIR LA PAIX

Il y a quinze ans, la résolution 1325 du Conseil de sécurité a réaffirmé l’importance de l’égalité de participation et de la pleine implication des femmes dans tous les efforts visant à maintenir et à promouvoir la paix et la sécurité. Au cours des années qui ont suivi, le Conseil de sécurité a étayé cette décision en adoptant six autres résolutions sur les femmes, la paix et la sécurité.

Pour accéder au rapport PRÉVENIR LES CONFLITS TRANSFORMER LA JUSTICE OBTENIR LA PAIX, veuillez suivre le lien.

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"Like the military of the village”: Security, justice and community defence groups in south-east South Sudan

This report explores how the various providers of security and justice have responded to violence associated with the civil war, intercommunal conflict, and gender-based violence in Torit and Kapoeta, south-east South Sudan. It asks to what extent the security and justice providers are effective, inclusive, and whether people see them as legitimate. The report aims to inform efforts to enhance people’s security and access to justice.

For full access to the paper Security, justice and community defence groups in south-east South Sudan, kindly follow the link. 

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Politics at the Heart of the Crisis in the Sahel

The governments of Burkina Faso, Mali, and Niger are ill-equipped to confront the worsening security crisis in the region. Their approach to these challenges has been insufficient at best and counterproductive at worst.   In contrast to its counterparts in Burkina Faso and Niger, Mali’s political class is doing the bare minimum to respond to the conflict. Though the government faces some domestic pressure to address insecurity, it may believe there is an unacceptable political cost to doing more.  The international community should work to reshape Mali’s domestic political calculus to promote a more robust response. It should continue its security partnerships, especially with Burkina Faso and Niger, to address capacity shortfalls and reduce incidents of human rights violations.

For full access to the paper Politics at the Heart  of the Crisis in the Sahel, kindly follow the link. 

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Prévenir l'extrémisme violent

Depuis quelque temps, le concept de prévention de l’extrémisme violent est au cœur des discours des gouvernements, des organisations internationales et des acteurs non étatiques. Les sanglants attentats qui ont eu lieu ces dernières années un peu partout dans le monde soulignent en effet plus que jamais la nécessité d’apporter une réponse à ce phénomène, qui soit plus convaincante que les mesures principalement répressives et militaires mises en œuvre dans le cadre de la « guerre mondiale contre le terrorisme ». La prévention de l’extrémisme violent est-elle un véritable changement de paradigme dans la lutte contre le terrorisme ? Quels sont les aspects à prendre en compte si l’on veut faciliter la mise en œuvre de cette approche ? Quelles sont les conséquences sur les rôles assignés aux jeunes et aux femmes en particulier ? Enfin, quelles sont les mesures et activités déjà entreprises par les organisations suisses gouvernementales et non étatiques ?

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UN Peace Operations and the Rule of Law 1989–2017

This report by Folke Bernadotte Academy (FBA) contains unique empirical data from 76 UN peace operations between 1989 and 2017. The data paint a picture of the kinds of rule of law assistance that have actually been provided, and allow discussion on how important shifts in peacekeeping and rule of law policy reflect in practice.

There is widespread recognition that the rule of law is an essential foundation for development and human rights, as well as a necessary condition for establishing and sustaining peace after conflicts. Rule of law promotion has accordingly become a key objective of UN peace operations and considerable resources are being invested in a range of rule of law-related topics and activities.

It is also recognized, including by the UN itself, that UN rule of law promotion faces difficult conceptual, institutional and resource-related challenges. There is currently discussion within the UN on how to address these. This thought process, as well as its articulation into workable policies and tools, requires a holistic understanding of what has already been done and why. It is expected that this report will be able to contribute to this.

To access the full report UN Peace Operations and the Rule of Law 1989–2017, kindly follow the link. 

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