Report by the Secretary General on the OSCE Approach to Security Sector Governance and Reform (SSG/R)

In today’s world of complex and interdependent security challenges within and across borders, national security sectors need to adapt to fast-changing and unpredictable environments. Experience shows that an accountable, effective and inclusive security sector with full respect for human rights, including gender equality and the rule of law can effectively provide security to a State and its people, while at the same time promoting stability, trust and confidence in the OSCE area and beyond. This is of particular relevance when the threats being dealt with are neither unique to any State nor confined to a particular region. This is the case, for instance, with violent extremism that leads to terrorism, organized crime, the return of foreign fighters, and trafficking in human beings. Therefore, participating States need to be properly equipped and prepared, and must work together and share national experiences. Additionally, this will significantly contribute to preventing the outbreak and recurrence of conflicts, as well as to sustaining peace and supporting sustainable development.

A more coherent and co-ordinated approach to SSG/R support would mean taking full advantage of our available tools and expertise by placing greater emphasis on good governance, strengthening co-operation across all three dimensions of security, making more efficient use of limited available resources, and enabling increased co-ordination with other actors in this field. National ownership and leadership must be front and centre. The Organization would benefit from an increased recognition among participating States and Partners for Co-Operation that SSG/R is an integral part of the OSCE’s comprehensive approach to security, and, ideally, from their providing the executive structures with guiding principles on how to best support nationally led SSG/R processes.

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