In the Context of the ZPSP
ZPSP approaches SST from a broader framework with a human security agenda. This allows the debate to shift away from law enforcement and crime control, to a more constructive discussion on how security should be linked to broader social transformation. Some crosscutting issues are inherently charged and divisive, but ZPSP is able to leverage them as entry-points to SST. Two examples are the legacy of the liberation struggle and issues pertaining to dealing with the past.
Definition - Leverage of Cross-Cutting Issues
Cross-cutting issues are relevant to more than one particular topic within a given area, and essential to fully understand specific needs in SSR interventions in all sub-sectors (eg defence reform, police reform, SSR assessments). Cross-cutting issues can also serve as entry-points to introduce SSR issues, especially in contexts where SSR remains highly sensitive or is simply not on the agenda. Relevant cross-cutting issues and related processes include human rights, gender, governance (including democratic oversight of the security sector), DDR (Demobilisation, disarmament, reintegration), elections, mine action, development and reconstruction, peacebuilding, non-state actors, youth and children, HIV/AIDS, corruption, SALW (Small arms and light weapons), livelihoods and human security, among others. In the Zimbabwean context, ZPSP identified gender, dealing with the past/transitional justice, and human security as foundational entry-points for SST.
- SSR in a Nutshell, ISSAT, 2015