Ernest Ogbozor

Policy and Research Papers

Understanding the Informal Security Sector in Nigeria

Informal security actors such as vigilantes play a variety of roles in African communities. Research has tended to focus on the negative impacts of informal security providers, including the perpetration of human rights violations, rather than on the essential roles these groups play in a community’s safety and security.
The study referenced in this report focused on Plateau, Kaduna, and Kano states in Nigeria. These states have long histories of ethnoreligious and political-related violence. A number of informal security actors are active in these states due to the high rate of violence. The study also considered Abuja because of the presence of informal security stakeholders in the nation’s capital city.

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Understanding the Informal Security Sector in Nigeria

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This report from Ernest Ogbozor of the United States Institute of Peace provides an analysis of the informal security actors in the Nigerian states of Plateau, Kaduna, and Kano and in the capital city of Abuja. The key issues considered are the types of informal security actors, the structures of these actors, their recruitment and training mechanisms, their accountability issues, their relationships with formal security actors, and perceptions of them. Interviews were conducted with sixty informal security actors and stakeholders in January and February 2015.

The report contributes to a more nuanced understanding of the informal security structures in Nigeria.

To access the Understanding the Informal Security Sector in Nigeria, kindly follow the link.

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