Policy and Research Papers

Human Security - A CCOE Info Sheet

This Info Sheet provides a general overview about the concept of Human Security (HS), summarizes leading organization’s perspectives on HS and identifies shortfalls concerning the concept of HS.

For full access to the CCOE Info Sheet on Human Security, kindly follow the link. 

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How the 2019 Civil War is Transforming Libya’s Military Landscape

The offensive that Khalifa Haftar launched in April 2019 to capture the Libyan capital, Tripoli, triggered the largest mobilization of fighters in western Libya since the revolutionary war of 2011. This latest round of civil war is transforming the landscape of armed groups fighting in and around Tripoli, provoking new rifts within and between communities, and laying the ground for future political struggles. This Briefing Paper examines the identities and interests of the forces fighting each other over control of Tripoli. It shows that the divides of 2011 are central in structuring the two opposing alliances and shaping the motivations of many forces involved in the war.

For full access to the report How the 2019 Civil War is Transforming Libya’s Military Landscape, kindly follow the link. 

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Dans quelle mesure le dialogue avec Al-Shabaab et Boko Haram est-il viable ?

La campagne de lutte contre les groupes terroristes dans les zones du bassin du lac Tchad et de la Corne de l’Afrique repose essentiellement sur l’emploi de la force. Or, cette approche n’a jusqu’à présent apporté aucune solution durable. Bien que nouer un dialogue avec les groupes terroristes constitue une démarche délicate et complexe, il est nécessaire d’envisager cette piste qui peut compléter les approches existantes de lutte contre le terrorisme.

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Sudan after Bashir: regional opportunities and challenges

Omar al-Bashir’s removal from power will have long-term effects on Sudan’s political future. Even though domestic considerations forced Bashir’s downfall, his extensive involvement in regional issues means his departure will resonate beyond the confines of Sudan’s borders. This report explores the regional implications of Bashir’s removal and the subsequent role of external actors in Sudan’s internal affairs.

For full access to the report Sudan after Bashir: regional opportunities and challenges, kindly follow the link. 

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The Missing Piece in Security Sector Reform: Lessons from the Democratic Republic of Congo

In situations of deep crises of state legitimacy and entrenched hostility between citizen and state, like in the DRC, SSR initiatives risk reinforcing patterns of dysfunctional, weak, unrepresentative, or ineffective government by strengthening those forces without considering their relationship to society more broadly. Over time, such SSR approaches can all too easily undermine the very security they were intended to provide. 

This brief reviews the diverse and distinct efforts which have been undertaken in the domain of SSR and draws three key lessons and recommendations. While the DRC is a complex case, the insights it produces can be of use both in the DRC itself, particularly as the government continues to grapple with this challenge, and in other fragile states faced with the challenge of SSR as a pathway to improved civilian protection and strengthened state legitimacy.

For full access to the briefing note The Missing Piece in Security Sector Reform:  Lessons from the Democratic Republic of Congo, kindly follow the link. 

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