This policy brief examines Africa's most overlooked organised criminal activity.
Most analyses of organised crime in Africa focus on illegal trafficking of commodities such as drugs, arms and wildlife. However, there have been few studies of what may be the largest type of organised criminal activity in Africa: land allocation, real estate and property development, which includes infrastructure and the delivery of basic public services such as water and electricity, particularly in urban areas. All 10 of the world’s fastest-growing cities are in Africa and Africa’s urban population is projected to double by 2030–2035. By then, 50% of all Africans are likely to live in urban areas, mainly in informal settlements. This policy brief recommends steps that can make urban development less vulnerable to crime.
A Tale of Two Pragmatisms: How to increase the meaningful participation of women in Afghanistan’s police force
The process of including women in the Afghan police force goes back to the 1960s. It was boosted after 2001 by international support for the Security Sector Reform and Women, Peace and Security agendas. Nevertheless, progress has been slow because of persistent societal and institutional barriers. Inclusive security is generally approached from two perspectives: the security sector’s pragmatic operational perspective, which prioritizes effectiveness; and a pragmatic feminist perspective, based on women’s rights and equality. Both play an important role in achieving inclusive security in Afghanistan, but they can only succeed if they increasingly complement each other.
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There is substantial experience and an extensive literature on humanitarian responses to disasters in conditions of conflict. But little attention has been paid to adapting disaster risk reduction (DRR) policies, programmes and strategies to such contexts. The prevention of disasters and of conflict have largely been treated separately, governed by different frameworks, managed by different institutions and theorised and conceptualised in very different ways. Disaster policy and practice has thus far failed to make adequate links with conflict vulnerabilities or the practice of conflict prevention and peacebuilding, and in policy spaces disaster risk management is often portrayed as an apolitical endeavour.
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The 2016 White Paper: Strategic Review and Way Ahead on Security Policy and the Future of the Bundeswehr is the key German policy document on security policy. It is a strategic review of the current state and future course of German security policy. It is thus the principal guideline for the security policy decisions and measures of our country. It establishes a framework in terms of concepts and content and provides starting points for strengthening the whole of government approach and developing further ministerial strategies.
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German Interministerial Strategy to Support “Dealing with the Past and Reconciliation (Transitional Justice)” in the Context of Preventing Crises, Resolving Conflicts and Building Peace
This strategy should strengthen Germany’s engagement in transitional justice and position it on a clearer conceptual foundation. In particular, the aim is to help ministries act more coherently and in a more coordinated manner, to use synergies between different policy areas and to create closer links between relevant stakeholders. Action in the field of transitional justice also always includes the equally important field of reconciliation.
To access the German Interministerial Strategy to Support “Dealing with the Past and Reconciliation (Transitional Justice)” in the Context of Preventing Crises, Resolving Conflicts and Building Peace, kindly follow the link.