Policy and Research Papers

Partners and Competitors: Forces Operating in Parallel to UN Peace Operations

Since the end of the Cold War, the UN Security Council has authorized or recognized the deployment of more than forty parallel forces that operate alongside UN peace operations. As the Security Council has deployed peace operations in increasingly non-permissive environments, the division of labor between UN missions and these parallel forces has blurred, and their goals have sometimes come into conflict. This raises the question of whether they are partners or competitors.

This report examines the missions that have operated in parallel to UN peace operations to identify how to strengthen these partnerships in the future. It analyzes and categorizes the types of parallel forces that have been deployed and examines the rationales for deploying them. It also looks at strategic and operational challenges, including the challenges unique to peace operations operating alongside a counterterrorism force. Finally, drawing on lessons from past and current parallel deployments, it offers recommendations for member states, the Security Council, and the UN Secretariat.

For full access to the report Partners and Competitors: Forces Operating in Parallel to UN Peace Operations, please follow the link. 

Paper

Security and Prosperity in Asia The Role of International Law

Hosted by the International Law Programme and the Asia-Pacific Programme at Chatham House on 27 March 2019, the conference focused on three themes: trade and investment, maritime security and governance, and emerging security challenges. What trends are emerging in terms of engagement with international law in the region, and how can international standards play a greater role in encouraging collaboration and reducing tensions? And, with the eastward shift in geopolitical power, how will Asia-Pacific states shape the future of international law?

For full access to the event report on Security and Prosperity in Asia The Role of International Law, please follow the link. 

Paper

Democratising Myanmar’s security sector: enduring legacies and a long road ahead

Drawing on extensive research and interviews, this new report identifies three areas where steps can be taken to democratise the security sector in Myanmar: giving more power to elected civilians as representatives of the people; transforming the security culture; and protecting and building civic space. The work ahead is best viewed as a multi-decade challenge, and sustained action from a wide range of organisations and individuals is needed to bring about generational change.

For full access to the report Democratising Myanmar’s security sector: enduring legacies and a long road ahead, please follow the link. 

Paper

Monitoring de la stabilité régionale dans le bassin sahélien et en Afrique de l’Ouest – juillet à septembre 2019

Ce monitoring trimestriel, publié par le GRIP depuis 2011, a pour but de suivre la situation sécuritaire en Afrique de l’Ouest avec un accent plus particulier sur le Burkina Faso, la Côte d’Ivoire, la Guinée, le Mali, le Niger et le Sénégal. Il se penche sur les questions de sécurité interne au sens large, les tensions régionales, la criminalité et les trafics transfrontaliers. Ce monitoring trimestriel couvre la période juillet à septembre 2019. 

Afin d'accéder à l'analyse, Monitoring de la stabilité régionale dans le bassin sahélien et en Afrique de l'Ouest - julliet à septembre 2019, veuillez suivre le lien.

Paper

Shifting Borders: Africa’s Displacement Crisis and Its Security Implications

Recent years have seen record numbers of Africans forcibly displaced from their homes. The most recent figure of 25 million people displaced is a 500-percent increase from 2005. While much attention focuses on economic migrants who are trying to cross into Europe, 95 percent of those who are displaced remain on the continent. Two-thirds of these are displaced within their home countries. In short, the reality faced is more accurately characterized as an African displacement, rather than a European migrant, crisis.

This paper explores the drivers of population displacement in Africa, security ramifications, and priorities for reversing this destabilizing trend. For full access to Shifting Borders: Africa’s Displacement Crisis and Its Security Implications, please follow the link. 

Paper