The concept of security sector reform (SSR) was ﬁrst formulated by UK development actors. Since 2008, France has ofﬁcially adopted an SSR strategy and promoted the concept at the European level during the country’s 2008 EU Presidency. However, what appears on paper to resemble full support from French institutions is in fact more complex. If the anglophone roots of the policy initiative do not seemingly explain its lack of institutionalization in the French context, it would appear that the difﬁculty
faced by the French administration in ﬁnding a whole-of-government agreement on what the content of SSR should be, does.
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