The search continues for methods to improve security for development in Sub-Saharan Africa.One of the important actors in this security arena is Sub-Saharan African governments’ armies. Much of their capability to meet security challenge depends on how militarily professional they are. The wave of democratic evolution in Africa since 1990 also aﬀected military professionalism. This article reviews three models for assessing how democratisation might aﬀect military professionalism in Sub-Saharan Africa, with special attention to post-conﬂict states.
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