Lesson Two explores the post-conflict environment in which disarmament, demobilization and reintegration usually takes place, which is often characterized by insecurity and lawlessness, poor or badly functioning economies, and a lack of social services and social cohesion. Integrated DDR programmes (IDDRS) should be designed to deal with the particular characteristics and contexts of the country or region in which they are to be implemented. However, DDR is just one of several post-conflict recovery strategies. As a process that helps to promote both security and development, a DDR programme should work together with other comprehensive peace-building strategies, including socioeconomic recovery programmes, security sector reform, and programmes to re-establish and strengthen the rule of law. DDR contributes to political stability by building confidence so that parties to a conflict can reject violence and transform their political and organizational structures to meet development objectives.