As an essential prerogative of State sovereignty, the Judiciary has a fundamental role, namely ensuring that laws are complied with and that the rights of each individual are protected.
While remaining firmly rooted in its founding principles such as equality, impartiality and independence, the judiciary has shown itself capable of adapting to changes in society.
The French judicial system is administered by the Ministry of Justice, also known as the Chancellerie. It is managed by the Keeper of the Seals, Minister for Justice .
The Ministry of Justice lays down the major public policy guidelines in the field of Justice, draws up draft laws and regulations and oversees their implementation. It is also responsible for populations entrusted to it under decisions taken by the judicial authorities and for managing the resources of the Justice system.
The Council of Europe, based in Strasbourg (France), now covers virtually the entire European continent, with its 47 member countries. Founded on 5 May 1949 by 10 countries, the Council of Europe seeks to develop throughout Europe common and democratic principles based on the European Convention on Human Rights and other reference texts on the protection of individuals.
The Ministry of Defence protects the French territory, population and interests. It also responds to other missions in the framework of international agreements or treaties (NATO) or their regional counterparts (European defense). These are based on humanitarian, environmental and security criteria (the fight against piracy and terrorism). Beyond these tasks, in the name of maintaining peace and national cohesion, the Ministry of Defense is increasingly involved in public service missions. Its human and material resources are deployed on a daily basis to support or supplement the activities of other ministries both nationally and — in emergency situations — internationally