As an independent, non-profit organization BICC is dedicated to promoting and facilitating peace and development. BICC seeks to assist in preventing violent conflict and hence contribute to their constructive transformation. While disarmament frees resources, which can be employed in the fight against poverty, conversion allows for a targeted, best possible reuse of these resources.
Policy and Research Papers
In cooperation with researchers in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC) is conducting a three-year research project on everyday security practices in Central Asia, which is funded by the Volkswagen Foundation. The project was launched in July 2015. While security has become an important focus of academic work on and in Central Asia, most studies highlight the geo-strategic importance of the region and underline the threats to states posed by non-state armed groups and transnational criminal organizations. The research project proposes a radically different approach to studying security in Central Asia. As a point of departure, it understands security as an everyday practice of people that consists in identifying and engaging perceptions of existential threat. It asks: How do various groups of people deal with security issues in their daily lives? For the purpose of addressing this question, it develops and applies the innovative concept of securityscapes, which is partly inspired by the work of the anthropologist Arjun Appadurai as well as recent debates in sociology and political science on studying security as a constitutive practice and in a less state-centric manner.
To access the BICC Working Paper Local Security-Making in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, kindly follow the link.
Decision-making on security sectors is dominated by elites, particularly military elites, because of unequal power and knowledge relations. In strengthening the institutions of accountability it is important to give high priority to strengthening the capacity of civilians to manage and monitor the security sector. A higher level of transparency in and broader knowledge of security matters are key elements for the improving the procedures for making crucial decisions over the size and structure of security sectors.
External stakeholders can foster more accountability in the security sector. However, they need to be clear that they cannot substitute domestic willingness towards more accountability. Ownership of accountability processes is crucial. No country has yet achieved perfect accountability; there is no “one-size-fits-all” model for security sector accountability.
Voice and accountability in the security sector full paper available