ODI is an independent, global think tank, working for a sustainable and peaceful world in which every person thrives. We harness the power of evidence and ideas through research and partnership to confront challenges, develop solutions and create change. (www.odi.org)
We are seeking to appoint a Research Officer or Senior Research Officer to join ODI’s Development Strategy & Finance (DSF) programme. Under the supervision of a Senior Research Fellow, the post holder will contribute to designing and delivering innovative, high-quality and policy-relevant research, policy advice and public-affairs initiatives. You will contribute to policy research and advisory projects, engage with policymakers in research and advisory processes, and disseminate results.
You will join a team of economists and political scientists focusing on major themes in global development.
The Development Strategy and Finance programme provides cutting-edge, policy-relevant research on development finance issues, bilateral and multilateral development agency strategy, and the international development finance landscape and architecture.
Senior Research Officer
- Excellent research skills and experience:
- Significant experience in an international policy development research environment, i.e. policy-oriented research, demonstrated by publications and reports
- A degree and post-graduate degree in relevant discipline
- Strong experience of data and statistical analysis and managing large datasets, as well as rigorous qualitative data analysis
- Experience in producing research outputs to tight deadlines and for different audiences
- Excellent understanding of current issues, actors and debates on development finance and international development finance architecture
- Excellent interpersonal skills:
- Presentation skills
- Networking skills
- Cultural awareness
- Ability to negotiate successfully
- Ability to work in a team
- Excellent analytical and writing skills
- Ability to work on own initiative and under minimal supervision, to accept responsibility and to respond with confidence to complex and evolving problems
- Excellent IT skills (Word, Excel, Powerpoint)
- Willingness to travel
To learn more about the vacancy, Senior Research Officer, please follow the link.
In the final year of the programme, the Operations and Partnerships Lead for the BRACED Knowledge Manager consortium will be responsible for the smooth delivery and close-out of the project, drawing on an overall budget of more than £15million over the five-year period (and an annual budget of just under £4 million).
The job will involve complex consortium and stakeholder management, intensive work planning and delivery tracking, full oversight of and responsibility for the budget, external representation of ODI and the BRACED KM function with DFID and other key stakeholders and many other management aspects involved with an assignment of this size and complexity.
For further information about the position, Operations and Partnership Lead, please follow the link.
ODI is seeking to appoint a Research Officer to join ODI’s Social Development Programme. Under the supervision of Research Fellows, the post holder will contribute to designing and delivering innovative, high-quality and policy-relevant research, policy advice and public-affairs initiatives. You will contribute to policy research and advisory projects, engage with policymakers in research and advisory processes, and disseminate results. The work will include: supporting the programme in identifying appropriate funding opportunities; contributing to the writing of proposals in the areas of interest to the programme which broadly focus on gender, social exclusion, social norms and intergenerational issues within a variety of thematic areas (including, for instance, gender based violence, mental health and psychosocial wellbeing, economic empowerment, health and education); carrying out literature reviews; developing research methodologies; analysing primary and secondary data; report and policy brief writing; and presenting findings both to internal ODI and external audiences.
For further information on the eligibility and application process of Senior Research Officer, please kindly follow the link.
The Oversees Development Institute (ODI) developed this guidance note to provide a framework for implementers of conflict, security and justice programmes to conduct political economy analysis (PEA) at the design or inception phase to ensure a deep understanding of the context drives activities. The publication draws on ODI’s ongoing work employing PEA to security and justice programmes.
The note first sets out four preconditions to ensure PEA is more likely to achieve impact, before setting out seven steps detailing how PEA might usefully be undertaken, primarily at the design stage, to develop programmes that are genuinely responsive to context. The guidance also demonstrates how on-going PEA is also connected with efforts to work in more adaptive ways.
For full access to the Using political economy analysis in conflict, security and justice programmes toolkit, please kindly follow the link.
This interactive tool is based on two years of research into how migration affects development outcomes. Users can explore 12 policy briefings, a book collating all the briefings, and an overview drawing together the key findings on migration and the SDGs.
To explore the tool yourself, kindly follow the link provided.
Policy and Research Papers
Afghanistan is emerging from decades of strife, and the new Government faces several challenges. Arguably the most daunting of these is to make Afghanistan secure, and establish the rule of law. Approximately $9 billion of foreign assistance has been spent on the security sector from 2003 to 2007, underscoring the important role the security sector plays in the wider reconstruction agenda. From 2007–10 a major scale-up to over $14 billion is planned, to be funded largely from external assistance. This resource expansion should be accompanied by heightened scrutiny of how foreign assistance is spent and whether it is delivering the desired outcomes of peace and a stronger, more accountable Afghan state. One important question to ask is whether the current financing model employed is the correct one, and how it affects the incentives around the reform process.
This paper takes an aid effectiveness approach to judge whether the financing model is appropriate for Afghanistan and it finds that the current financing model falls short of good aid effectiveness practice.
On 6-7 November 2012, the Politics and Governance Programme at the Overseas Development Institute (ODI) hosted a two-day Expert Meeting on the Politics of Practice: Security and Justice Programming in Fragile and Conflict-affected States (FCAS).
The meeting drew together approximately 70 researchers, policymakers and practitioners from Europe, North America, Asia and the Pacific and Africa to discuss challenges and lessons learnt in translating improved policy thinking into practice.
This report draws out key themes and challenges in justice and security programming that featured in discussions. It also summarises emerging recommendations and lessons learnt, and signals areas where changes are important in order to improve results. Therefore, the objective of the report, as it was of the meeting, is to begin to set out avenues for operational and organisational changes and action-oriented research, and for revisiting some of the policy content in ways that can help relevant communities of practice grapple with the challenges of translating policy into practice.
Community policing has gained popularity amongst donors,governments, police departments and communities as a mechanism for achieving a diverse range of goals – from crime reduction to improved state-society relations. Yet while community policing initiatives are widespread across the globe, there is little consensus on its definition, objectives or models. Given the ambiguity surrounding its precise meaning, this paper maps the ‘what’ and the ‘how’ of community policing, setting out what it means and hopes to achieve,and how it manifests and is shaped by factors such as histories of state-society relations.
Development actors have become particularly interested in community policing in recent times with the recognition that security and justice are fundamental to development processes, and that security must be tailored to the needs and interests of local communities. However, while community policing provides opportunities that can strengthen accountable safety, security and justice, it is not a panacea; those supporting or implementing such practices need to be aware of the associated risks. Furthermore, given the current donor interest in community policing, there is a need for greater analytical clarity about the features above.
To view this publication, please follow this link.
A Problem-Focused Approach to Violence against Women: the political-economy of justice and security programming
The United Nations Commission on the Status of Women ended its 57th Session on 15 March 2013 with an outcome document affirming the importance of eliminating violence against women (VAW). The Commission was unable, however, to reach consensus on a global action plan. The negative reaction of some UN member states to an action plan is a worrying reminder of ongoing resistance to reform. These persistent challenges highlight the ongoing struggle to gain a serious global commitment to address VAW and recognise it as a breach of women’s fundamental human rights.
This Report proposes an approach that engages with the specificities of the problem – paying attention to context, and the concrete political-economy dynamics of the drivers of VAW – and that takes account of the real options that women face in navigating the available security and justice chains to seek protection, redress and justice.
To view this publication, please follow this link.
This expert meeting explored how to translate policy into practice in the justice and security sectors in fragile and conflict-affected states.
This meeting was followed by a public event on 6-7 November 2012 which had the objective of interrogating some of the key questions that underpin the international agenda on justice and security sector reform in transitional settings.
This meeting had two main objectives:
- To interrogate some of the substantive issues that have been the object of debate in recent strategic thinking on security and justice in PB/SB efforts, and unpack what the implications are for the practical purposes in country level programming.
- To focus on what it means for the international community to redirect its efforts from top-down more technical approaches to more politically informed and context sensitive approaches to programming.
To view this publication, please follow this link.
On any given day, over 3 million people are held in pre-trial detention (PTD). On average, this represents one out of every three people detained, but this rises to one in two detainees in many countries. PTD is a relatively discrete justice issue that is clearly identifiable and can be addressed before escalation, presenting an important opportunity for policymakers (from ministries and donor agencies) to engage in reform. It is also diagnostic in relation to broader justice challenges and state–society relations, making it a useful gauge of other blockages within the justice sector.
The objective of this paper is to develop an analytical framework that draws on political economy analysis (PEA) that can contribute to identifying the drivers of PTD. This can then be taken to country level to inform programming in ways that improve results.
To view this publication, please follow this link.
Securing communities for development: Community policing in Ethiopia's Amhara National Regional State
With rising interest in community policing as a tool for improving access to justice and involving communities in security provisioning – Lisa Denney and Demalashe Kassaye of the Overseas Development Institute (ODI) conducted an important study to better understand community policing in the Amhara National Regional State of Ethiopia. The study was conducted as part of a broader project called ‘Securing Communities’, which seeks to “map the diversity of community policing practices in a variety of country contexts to understand its various forms and what factors shape them.” It is the first of three planned case studies, the others of which include Timor L’este and Sri Lanka.
The study builds on previous work on the subject, including a background paper and a literature review . The background paper identified several political features responsible for shaping the development of community policing. Such factors include: histories of state formation; evolution of the political system; state-society relations; state presence; experience of conflict or emergency; social cleavages and inequality and; cultures of protection and dispute resolution.
Ethiopia was chosen as a case study based on its unique development as a result of several of the above-mentioned features. In the Ethiopian case, state-society relations, the structure of the political system, cultures of dispute resolution and political ideology were the driving forces that shaped this particular model (IV). For example, the pre-existence of customary dispute resolution mechanisms and a culture of “community mobilization” led to rapid implementation and a generally positive reception to community policing. On the other hand, the authoritarian tendencies of the state have led to some dangerous uses of the tool, primarily when it comes to the potential for increased surveillance capacities, due to monitoring and reporting functions. Furthermore, traditional methods of dispute-resolution have tended to exclude women and girls from decision-making and this has transferred to the current model of community policing.
Overall, the report found that – while relations between the police and communities have improved and there was a general sense of greater personal safety amongst those interviewed – several challenges remain. Among these is the need to train a broader range of actors involved in justice provision on community policing practices in general; and to address particular obstacles, like gender discrimination, through more sensitivity training. The successes of community policing have also been somewhat insulated from components of the formal justice system, particularly the courts, which are still seen as the most corrupt and inaccessible aspect of the Ethiopian judicial system. Finally, there is the need for a finer balance between police accountability and crime reduction and surveillance activities.
The report’s findings are significant and applicable from a policy-perspective in that it illuminated important considerations when implementing community policing in Ethiopia and other cases. The model had both positive and negative impacts, and as the report reiterates, it is the job of the international community to ‘do no harm’ by strengthening the positive aspects while mitigating the negative. Identifying and navigating these complexities can only be done through a careful examination of the broader political context.
To view this publication, please follow this link.
Legal empowerment occurs when poor or marginalised people use the law, legal systems and justice mechanisms to improve or transform their social, political or economic situations. While understanding of legal empowerment has been confined to a relatively small group of legal experts, the relevance of legal activism to development is becoming clearer. This overview summarises recent evidence on legal empowerment and highlights political economy perspectives on what it will take to realise greater empowerment for those who need it most.
To view this article, please follow this link.
Community policing has gained popularity among donors, governments, police departments and communities as a mechanism for achieving a diverse range of goals – from crime reduction to improved state-society relations. Yet while community policing initiatives are widespread across the globe, there is little consensus on its definition, objectives or models. Given the ambiguity surrounding its precise meaning, this paper maps the ‘what’ and the ‘how’ of community policing, setting out what it means and hopes to achieve, and how it manifests and is shaped by factors such as histories of state-society relations.
To view this publication, please follow this link.
As part of ODI’s Securing Communities project, which aims to understand different models of community policing around the world, this case study examines the development of community policing policy and practice in Timor-Leste. As with the Securing Communities project more broadly, the focus is on the diversity of objectives, approaches and methods of community policing, the ‘messy politics’ of its development and what this means for those who aim to support this policing model. This case study examines some key features of community policing policy development and practice in Timor-Leste.
To view this publication, please follow this link.
This report brings together some of the key points of discussion from a one-day workshop organised by ODI in January 2014, ‘From policy to programme implementation: Examining the political economy of security and justice reform.' It also draws from responses to an anonymous questionnaire of workshop participants, and on-going thinking in ODI in relation to the political economy of security and justice programming.
While the scope of the workshop was focused broadly on security and justice reform, discussions centred on DFID in particular given the background of the participants in the room. As a result, this report necessarily focuses on DFID, although its insights and ideas are relevant to other donors and funders working on SJR.
This working paper explores how to understand progress in security in post-conflict societies, laying the groundwork for Development Progress' forthcoming security case studies on Liberia and Timor Leste.
It identifies that post-conflict transitions are messy and complex, depending on a wide range of interconnected drivers of change that need to be understood if we are to explain progress or regress. It argues for a modest understanding of security to capture limited but important examples of progress in post-conflict situations, whilst acknowlegding that what constitutes progress in conflict-affected areas is likely to be deeply contested.
Also looking at financial resources and sustainability, including as a foundation for longer term development, the paper acts as a primer for the exploration of security to be undertaken by the Development Progress project.
To view this publication, please follow this link.
EU State Building Contracts: early lessons from the EU's new budget support instrument for fragile states
The European Union (EU) began using State Building Contracts (SBCs) to provide budget support to fragile and conflict affected states in early 2013. Over the next five years, the EU plans to use more than two thirds of funding under the 11th European Development Fund and over half from the Development Cooperation Instrument for 2014–2020 to assist people in fragile situations. The State Building Contract is a key instrument in the EU’s fragile states toolkit, and thus likely to increase in visibility and importance. At the same time, while most European Member States’ development agencies are gradually shifting away from the use of budget support, they continue to provide fiscal support in fragile states through the EU’s SBCs and through budget support-like instruments.
Around the world, women now have more influence over the decisions that affect their lives. Even in the most conservative societies, feminists and gender advocates have been able to forward more equitable policies and outcomes.
This briefing explores women’s decision-making power in this context. It looks at the reasons for women’s increased presence in public life around the world, and why women in some socioeconomic groups, sectors and countries have less political power than others. It examines when and how women have power and influence in practice, and what they seek to achieve.
In addition, the authors outline how the international community can better support women’s political leadership by investing in women’s education and economic assets, their organisations and political apprenticeships; focusing on political systems and not just elections; and supporting locally-led and problem-driven responses.
In rural Bangladesh, women have historically been excluded from participating in traditional justice, rarely even attending even their own hearings. The state, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and women leaders have been working towards changing this situation for the better.
This study in one of the poorest areas of the country suggests women’s participation as leaders in community dispute resolution has increased, although the authors remain doubtful as to whether they can influence what kind of justice is delivered. In-depth interviews with women leaders at the community level in Rangpur suggest their ability to participate depends on their family dynamics, political connections, house-hold economy, education and NGO networks. The personal stories of women show how these interrelate and interact with legal, institutional and social changes in Bangladesh.
The study concludes that progress on this front requires sustained engagement – from the state, NGOs and women leaders. International donors can continue to support progressive social change through providing careful, context-specific funding to grassroots organisations.
This case study is an output from the Women’s voice and leadership in decision-making project.
Understanding justice provision in Myanmar requires grappling with the universe of providers that people use to resolve disputes. There is no single justice provider with recognised authority to enforce the rule of law throughout Myanmar. Long-running political conflicts and plural power structures mean providers and systems are distinct in some places and overlap in others. This briefing maps the different justice chains people follow, providing an ‘end-user’ perspective on how they navigate justice providers.
For full access to the report Myanmar’s Plural Justice System, kindly follow the link.
People in Myanmar face a wide range of justice problems, from land disputes to drug trafficking to violence against women. Yet in MyJustice research, debt disputes emerged as the most common dispute people spoke of, affecting large numbers of people in both Mon State and Yangon Region (Denney et al., 2016). Yet debt disputes have been largely overlooked to date. They highlight the importance and challenge of equitable access to credit in a transitioning country like Myanmar, without which there are both justice and developmental consequences. As with most justice problems, debt disputes and a lack of formal credit access affect the poor and vulnerable most acutely.
For full access to the report Debt Disputes in Myanmar, kindly follow the link.
This case study examines how the mutual accountability process operates in Mozambique. In particular, it looks at MA as a dynamic process which evolves over time. This repeated interaction between the parties has important implications for the sorts of processes that can be sustained within the confines of voluntary agreements.
For full access to Mutual Accountability at the Country Level: Mozambique Country Case Study, kindly follow the link.
Rule of law remains a constant theme in development policy and practice, and in recent policy discourse and international commitments it has gained a new level of prominence. Despite this recognition, the history of international support to the sector's reform is peppered with a sad trail of failures and underachievement.
While these failures have been widely documented, the international development community is more committed than ever to advancing an agenda on rule of law support. This is evidenced in the UN Declaration 2012 at the High Level Meeting of the General Assembly on the Rule of Law and the inclusion of justice for all in the Sustainable Development Goals.
How to square the recognition that rule of law really matters with the poor track record of reforming it? Drawing on different analytical and empirical bodes of work on the international rule of law, this report published by the Overseas Development Institute (ODI) seeks to find some better answers to this question. In doing so, it reviews key trends over time and makes the case for drawing on two current propositions for changing policy and practice, namely: 1. the link between rule of law and political settlements and, 2. being politically smart and adaptive in approaching rule of law reform.
In developing some reflections on these recent trends, this ODI note is thus a call to new research and analytical reflection on their implications for policy and praxis of rule of law support.
For full access to the ODI report Rule of law, politics and development: the politics of rule of law reform, kindly follow the link.
Armed conflict and violence are increasingly complex, dynamic and protracted. Conflict is fuelled by an array of overlapping factors, including violent extremism, weak governance, the dominance of some groups and the suppression or exclusion of others, socio-economic inequalities, environmental degradation and competition over resources and the proliferation of arms. The impacts on civilians are devastating, with millions killed and injured. Over 65 million people were forcibly displaced in 2016 alone.
This briefing note sets out proposals for UN Member States to consider to ensure that the UN system is fit for the purpose of sustaining peace. It draws on recent ODI research commissioned by the UN system on the capacities of UN agencies, funds and programmes (AFPs) to sustain peace and on UN system-wide capacities for preventing armed conflict and crises (both forthcoming).
For full access to Delivering the UN ‘sustaining peace’ agenda, kindly follow the link.
In Somalia, the relationship between formal and informal spheres of governance are being renegotiated. In many areas, the formal state has been absent for a long time, or government agents only recently appointed by the Federal Government of Somalia. Meanwhile, there are powerful non-state actors who play roles in customary and informal governance systems, that in turn work to compete with, accommodate and influence formal state institutions.
Using case studies from the Implementation and Analysis in Action of Accountability Programme, a Department for International Development-funded programme that made grants available to Somali and international organisations to trial interventions designed to increase accountability, this report examines how impact can be achieved through working with non-state actors.
For full access to Gatekeepers, Elders and Accountability in Somalia, please follow the link.
In May 2017, ODI and the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) convened a workshop. It aimed to explore to what extent ‘experimental’ approaches feature in international support to rule of law and justice reform, and the risks and merits of such an approach. Experimentalism was taken to refer to approaches that are problem-focused, adaptive and iterative. This paper highlights some implications for policy and practice discussed in the workshop.
For full access to Experimentalism in International Support to Rule of Law and Justice, please follow the link.
Achieving Agenda 2030 will necessitate adapting the Sustainable Development Goals to the national and community level. Furthermore, given the goals’ commitment to ‘leave no one behind’, the involvement of the communities farthest from achieving the goals is paramount. Contextualising the goals – that is, making them specific and relevant to context – by involving communities is one way to better identify priorities and realistic action plans.
This briefing provides an overview of some of the discourse informing contextualisation, problematises the concept and illustrates one attempt to test an approach through a case study on experience in three of Zimbabwe’s rural districts engaging with SDG3 (‘Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages’). It explores the extent to which collaborative rationality can contribute to contexutalisation, to deliver progress on leaving on one behind, by building understanding between institutions such as the State and local government, businesses, NGOs and communities.
For full access to the Media hub Contextualising the SDGs to Leave No One Behind in Health: A Case Study from Zimbabwe, please kindly follow the link.
The departure of Robert Mugabe provides the international community with an opportunity to use targeted finance in support of the political and economic change that the people of Zimbabwe are calling for.
Over the last decade, Zimbabwe’s economy has halved in size, unemployment has reached 95% and its government has become bankrupt.
The agricultural and manufacturing sectors were the main providers of formal jobs but land reform and indigenisation policies under Mugabe severely weakened business confidence. As levels of investment fell, these sectors shrank and huge rises in unemployment and poverty followed.
For further information and full access to the article Zimbabwe: International Donors Should Restart Targeted Finance, please kindly follow the link.
Based on first-hand interviews with more than 160 Taliban fighters and officials, as well as civilians, this paper examines how the Taliban govern the lives of Afghans living under their rule. Taliban governance is more coherent than ever before; high-level commissions govern sectors such as finance, health, education, justice and taxation, with clear chains of command and policies from the leadership based in Pakistan down to villages in Afghanistan.
Where the government and aid agencies provide public goods and services, the Taliban coopt and control them. Health and education in Taliban areas are a hybrid of NGO and state-provided services, operating according to Taliban rules. The Taliban also regulate utilities and communications, collecting on the bills of the state electricity company in at least eight of Afghanistan’s 34 provinces and controlling around a quarter of the country’s mobile phone coverage.
Justice provision has also become increasingly far-reaching. Taliban taxes either coopt Islamic finance concepts or mimic official state systems.
For full access to the report, Life Under the Taliban Shadow Government, please follow the link.
Disasters have a disproportionate impact on people with disabilities, who are at higher risk of death, injury and loss of property. Although the rights and needs of people with disabilities in disasters are increasingly being addressed through policies, standards and guidelines, much more needs to be done to remove the barriers to their inclusion in disaster risk reduction (DRR) and response.
Effective institutions with supportive attitudes, structures and systems, backed up by good evidence, are key to meaningful disability inclusion. Human rights-based approaches have the potential to lead to a major shift in institutional policy and practice towards disability.
Disability advocates and disabled people’s organisations can also play a significant role in disaster policy, planning and interventions, but formal disaster agencies tend to have limited interaction or collaboration with them.
This briefing note identifies five key challenges that need to be addressed in order to promote disability inclusion in DRR and humanitarian action, relating to evidence and data, contextual understanding, institutions and programmes, representation and discrimination. It highlights the importance of rights-based approaches, together with improved standards and indicators, in overcoming these challenges.
For full access to the report, Disability Inclusion and Disaster Risk Reduction: Overcoming Barriers to Progress, please kindly follow the link.
Significant numbers of Sudanese, many from Darfur, have made the journey from Sudan to Europe in search of safety and a better life. While there has been significant interest in Sudan as a transit country for migration from Africa to Europe, little attention has been paid to Sudan as a source of migrants and refugees. Yet the Sudanese were the fifth, sixth and seventh largest categories of migrants and refugees arriving in Italy in 2015, 2016 and 2017, respectively.
This study documents for the first time the experiences of young Darfuris fleeing Sudan for Europe. It aims to deepen understanding of the trends, drivers and causes of migration and displacement from Darfur.
For full access to the paper, Darfuri Migration from Sudan to Europe: from Displacement to Despair, kindly follow the link.
Learning to make a Difference : Christian Aid Ireland’s Adaptive Programme Management in Governance, Gender, Peace building and Human Rights
Tackling the problems of poverty, vulnerability and exclusion that persist in parts of the world that continue to be affected by violence or political insecurity is difficult for several reasons. For one, because of the complexity of the prevailing social, economic and political systems, solutions to chronic problems are far from obvious. One response to this aspect of the challenge is adaptive programme design and management.
For full access to the report, Learning to make a difference : Christian Aid Ireland’s adaptive programme management in governance, gender, peace building and human rights, please follow the link.
The multitude of justice challenges confronting people in Myanmar means that there is significant scope for, and interest in, rule of law and access to justice programmes among both foreign and domestic actors. While attention to justice concerns is welcome, there is a danger of taking for granted that there are shared and agreed understandings about the meaning of justice and its role in society.
For full access to the report Understandings of Justice in Myanmar, kindly follow the link.
There is substantial experience and an extensive literature on humanitarian responses to disasters in conditions of conflict. But little attention has been paid to adapting disaster risk reduction (DRR) policies, programmes and strategies to such contexts. The prevention of disasters and of conflict have largely been treated separately, governed by different frameworks, managed by different institutions and theorised and conceptualised in very different ways. Disaster policy and practice has thus far failed to make adequate links with conflict vulnerabilities or the practice of conflict prevention and peacebuilding, and in policy spaces disaster risk management is often portrayed as an apolitical endeavour.
For full access to the paper Disaster risk reduction in conflict contexts: an agenda for action, please follow the link.
This paper draws attention to the fundamental role played by everyday justice providers – the array of providers that people regularly rely on to resolve disputes and seek redress, and aims to shift SDG 16.3 debates toward recognition of more diverse pathways to justice that reflect the ways in which people seek to resolve disputes and grievances.
For full access to the document Diverse pathways to justice for all: supporting everyday justice providers to achieve SDG 16.3, please follow the link.